The warming of the planet has been happening since the start of the industrial revolution. It has affected most of the parts on earth, from the North Pole to the South Pole. The average temperature of the earth has increased from 0.6 to 0.9 degrees Celsius since 1906 and these statistics are even more in Polar Regions. The rise in temperature is affecting our ecosystem and the signs are visible by different types of natural calamities that are witnessed by people all over the world. The increasing heat is changing the precipitation patterns, melting glaciers which eventually increases sea level all over the world and causing destruction to the wildlife. Some of the impacts that the planet earth is suffering from are:
- The worst affected parts are the Poles of the Earth where ice is melting at a very fast rate. The areas that come under are Greenland, Arctic region, Antarctica, Siberia region of Russia, etc. where they have various mountain glaciers, icebergs and ice sheets.
- Various species of animals have come to the endangered category due to the destruction of habitat. For example, the Adélie penguins in Antarctica have a decline in their numbers, which have fallen from breeding pairs of 32000 to 11000 in just 30 years.
- Compared to the last century, the sea level has been rising at a fast rate.
- Some of the alpine plants, foxes and butterflies have moved to cooler and higher areas.
- The average precipitation in form of rain and snowfall has increased in different parts of the world.
- Some species of insects that are harmful to the environment have seen a massive increase in number. For example, the European Spruce Bark Beetle have increased in number due to the 20 years of long summers in Alaska and these insects have destroyed 4 million acres of spruce trees.
- The increase in sea level by the end of the century is expected to be about 18 to 59 centimetres and if there is a continued melting of ice at the poles, it could further increase by 10 to 20 centimetres more.
- Different kind of storms like cyclones, tornadoes and hurricanes are likely to increase and become stronger.
- Droughts and floods will become a more common phenomenon.
- Freshwater availability will be very less in most of the countries due to pollution of rivers and lakes. The scarcity of these water resources will be a major reason for thousands of people to leave their homes as they rely on these resources for electricity, drinking water, etc.
- Acid Rain will become a common phenomenon if the fumes from industries are not put under a strict control.
- Due to increased temperatures, many water-borne diseases will spread.
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